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After 737, Charles governed the Franks in lieu of a king and declined to call himself king.
Charles was succeeded in 741 by his sons Carloman and Pepin the Short, the father of Charlemagne.
The year given in the Annales Petaviani, 747, would be more likely, except that it contradicts Einhard and a few other sources in making Charlemagne seventy years old at his death.
The month and day of 2 April are established by a calendar from Lorsch Abbey.
He became king in 768 following his father's death, initially as co-ruler with his brother Carloman I.
Carloman's sudden death in December 771 under unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne as the sole, undisputed ruler of the Frankish Kingdom.
Peter's rights, dealing successfully with the Lombards.
portrays the Treaty of Verdun (843) between the warring grandsons of Charlemagne as the foundation event of an independent France under its first king Charles the Bald; an independent Germany under its first king Louis the German; and an independent intermediate state stretching from the low countries along the borderlands to south of Rome under Lothair I, who retained the title of emperor and the capitals Aachen and Rome without the jurisdiction.
Charlemagne was the eldest son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, having been born before their canonical marriage.These and other machinations led to the eventual split of Rome and Constantinople in the Great Schism of 1054.Charlemagne died in 814, having ruled as emperor for thirteen years.Accordingly, I determined to pass that by as unknown, and to proceed at once to treat of his character, his deeds, and such other facts of his life as are worth telling and setting forth, and shall first give an account of his deeds at home and abroad, then of his character and pursuits, and lastly of his administration and death, omitting nothing worth knowing or necessary to know.The most powerful officers of the Frankish people, the Mayor of the Palace (Maior Domus) and one or more kings (rex, reges), were appointed by the election of the people.